Culture · Society

India V/s Bharat- One Nation With Differences

Diksha Singh Rathore writes about the how the ancient Bharat and the present India are different yet so connected.


“How many countries have two names, one constitutionally documented and another probably an English translation for people who cannot pronounce it? People speaking English or any other European language often have a problem pronouncing eastern names, so in the past they would change the names according to their convenience and we eastern people blindly accept this. Look at us; we operate with two names, the original name Bharat, and the given name, India. The invaders of Bharat who came up to the river Sindhu somehow managed to pronounce Sindhu as Hindu, and then Indus, and finally India is stuck on us for centuries now. Historians should give a satisfactory explanation for the evolution of this name ‘India’ or trace its origin as nowhere in the Vedas, Puranas, Itihaas the word India is present. The scriptures say jambu dweepe Bharata varshe” and from time immemorial a meaningful Sanskrit ‘Padam’ Bharat, has been in vogue: no one can deny this yet our Constitution included name India.”[1]

India and Bharat both are technically the same resembling a country and is largest democracy and fastest growing country in the world. Constitutionally we are Indians but from the ancient times we are recognized by the name “Bharat” and our philosophies have changed and we have adopted the name of our country as “India”. Pre British India was one India comprising of Bharat and India but this combination have changed into a controversial difference between the two and now Bharat and India are against each other. The oneness has been changed into competition.

Many nation leaders like Gandhi Ji expressed their views regarding the two names and he even referred for dissolution of Indian National Congress and suggested few other names including Bharat and soon after this many parties emerged like Janta party, Bhartiya Janta party. He was of the view that the name which was given to our nation by other country can evolve a division and his words are somewhat true as we can see this difference very evidently.

India is urban and Bharat is rural and we are struggling to curb this biggest difference which has been present in our country since independence. Pre independence was the time of British era and here the seed of the division of India and Bharat was sowed, as British were only involved in the development of areas where they were able to find the resources in abundance and the areas where there was scarcity of resources, those areas were left untouched and progress like railways, telegram, water supply, industries, electricity, communication, arms, ammunition and many more happened in the British India which is at present “INDIA” and the rural India where still no sign of development is visible is “BHARAT”. This act done by British is very evidently present in our present India and development of India as a whole is hindered as the major part of India i.e. Bharat is not being developed and people residing in that Bharat are not getting equal chances  to compete and to avail the services present and secured for them. As we know geography plays a major role in the development of the country and one country needs mountains, oceans, rivers, forests, summer, winters, rains and what not to sustain and it is also very true fact that it is very difficult to have these all things in one single territory, so people of one territory are dependent on other territory to fulfil their needs and demands and sometimes this dependency leads to a conflict, this conflict is present in our country when rural India(Bharat) is dependent upon urban India(India) and India refuses to avail the demands of Bharat and thereby one part of our country is left unheard and underdeveloped.

All we have to do is to try and curb this difference by giving power, duties to the rural India and work for them as they are not that developed. It is the duty of our Government under directive principles of state polices to organize village Panchayats and to define their powers. 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act inserted the feature to give the power and defined the system of grass root democracy by this the major part of our country will get a chance to exercise the powers and to work towards progress and will be very less dependent upon the urban areas for education, medical facilities, toilets, infrastructure etc. government of India has come up with many programmes like Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna , Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, MNREGA, Sarva Siksha Abhiyan, Adoption of Villages by MPs, Indira Awas Yojna and many more.

The Country has realized the need for the overall development and the development will never be true unless each and every part of nation is involved in it and all the parts will get some benefits, it will become possible when Bharat and India will become one in their functioning, powers, rights, duties and this oneness will eventually lead our country, that is, one India (or by whatever name you may prefer to call it) to that prosperity and development that it has never seen.



[1]  B Kalanjali, One Nation Two Names, THE HINDU ( Dec. 27, 2016, 12:35 PM),